Rome: Francesco Gonzaga, 1707. Two parts in one volume, 4to (236 x 171 mm). Roman and Hebrew types. Half-title. xvi, 61, ; 131 pp. Two woodcut initials, woodcut device on title. 18th-century Italian vellum over pasteboard. Some pale spotting, first few leaves with marginal dampstain and a few small marginal losses, covers lightly soiled. Item #402992
FIRST EDITION of Garofalo's heterodox study of Greek and Jewish poetry. Garofalo was the first Neapolitan to enter the debate concerning Hebrew poetry at the beginning of the 18th century. “In the first decade of the century he was one of the few who dared to publish what he had learned from the ideas of Biblical criticism proposed by Spinoza and Richard Simon. [In this work] Garofalo dealt first with the explosive issue of the authority of the Hebrew Biblical text contending as had Spinoza and Simon, that it was in need of textual revision. He discussed the custom of all ancient peoples of preserving their laws in poetry. In the second part of the work he explained how Greek poets were expected to use popular fictions to persuade the uneducated to chose right behaviors. Such examples supported the Arcadian claim concerning the value of poetry in reforming the bad habits of people. On the issue of whether Hebrew used rhyme or rhythm Garofalo sided with the Protestant Le Clerc” (Harold Samuel Stone, Vico’s Cultural History: The Production and Transmission of Ideas in Naples, New York, 1997, p. 198).
BIAGIO GAROFALO. Ragionamento in defesa delle considerazioni Sopra il Libro della Maniera di Ben Pensare. Rome: Francesco Gonzaga, 1708. 4to. 63,  pages.