Washington, D.C. Gales and Seaton, Thursday, 4 December 1823. Volume xi, no. 3417. 1823. Bound with 127 issues of the paper 8 July to 31 December 1823. Large folio, 4pp. (20 3/8 x 15 1/4 in.), printed five columns to the page, decorative masthead at top of page 1, Monroe's message with American eagle woodcut at head. Disbound, spine defective, occasionally minor fraying, but internally in fine condition. Item #400635
FIRST NEWSPAPER PRINTING OF THE MONROE DOCTRINE, IN THE QUASI-OFFICIAL National Intelligencer. Monroe's historic message to Congress of 2 December 1823 (here occupying 6 columns on pages 2 and 3) enshrined as national policy principles suggested by Secretary of State John Quincy Adams, condemning European intervention in the Americas and prohibiting all efforts at colonization. Monroe proclaimed that "The American continents, by the free and independent condition they have assumed and maintained, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers," and that any such intervention would be regarded as "manifestation of an unfriendly disposition towards the United States." His announcement "represented one of Adams' finest contributions to the emergence of the United States as a world power" (Nagel, John Quincy Adams, p.271). "By including the policy statement in his annual message Monroe gave his declaration a character reminiscent of Washington's well-remembered Farewell Address. He focussed attention upon his utterances as a declaration of national policy..." (Ammon, James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity, p.492). This printing, in the quasi-official National Intelligencer, is preceded only by an exceedingly rare "extra" issued on 2 December by the same press. Grolier American 100, 33 (book form edition); Streeter Sale, lot 1734.